- open space systems and parks from tiny urban pockets of urban space to national level parks of many thousands of acres.
- working closely with developers, architects and engineers in the creation of medium/high rise projects, marine terminals and so on.
- corridor analysis and landscape design of interstate highways, state and county roads and local streetscapes in towns, villages and cities.
- reclamation areas, including strip mining restoration, public waste disposal rehabs, polluted industrial sites that require extensive rehabilitation
- close collaboration with civil engineers in new infrastructure planning and design including sewerage treatment plants, water reservoirs, airports,etc.
- urban planning including historic restoration projects, slum rebuilding, shopping center/ malls, etc.
- institutional uses, including colleges, secondary and primary school sites, hospitals, research complex's and so on
Median (with eight years in the field): $62,000
25th to 75th percentile (with eight or more years of experience): $53,100-$77,100
Typically, you can land a job with just a bachelor's degree and a one-year internship. If you already have an undergraduate degree in a field other than landscape architecture, the way in is a three-year Master's program.
The Father of Landscape Design - Frederick Law Olmsted
"Olmsted knew that industrial-age urban life was no walk in the park. His leafy respites were thoughtfully based on his beliefs that scenic pleasure in settings accessible to all would not only restore health and sanity, but bolster democracy by commingling classes.
Toward these utopian goals, Olmsted's original landscape designs were meticulously planned to engineer how people used and moved through them, with wide malls in which to gather, meandering pathways that encouraged contemplation of picturesque, natural-looking (but often highly manufactured) vistas, and interlacing carriage trails, bridged or sunken so as not to interrupt the leisurely pace of strollers. His idealism and his orchestration of spatial movement, in fact, are similar in spirit to much of today's public art and installation art."
Link to MAP
Olmsted's Design Principles
Scenery: Designs of “passages of scenery” with a liberal use of plantings even in the smallest spaces and in areas with the most active use.
Suitability: Creation of designs that are in keeping with the natural scenery and topography of the location with a respect for and full utilization of the “genius of the place.”
Sanitation: Creation of designs to promote both physical and mental health of users with provisions for adequate drainage and similar engineering considerations.
Subordination: Subordination of all details and features (both of natural and artificial materials) to the overall design and the effect intended for it to achieve.
Separation: Separation of areas done in different styles so that “incongruous mixture of styles” will not dilute the intended effect of each; separation of ways in order to insure safety of use and reduce distractions for those using the space; separation of uses that conflict with another.
Spaciousness: Creation of designs that make the area seem larger than it is using bays and headlands of plantings forming indefinite boundaries.